This glossary will help you build complex mathematical equations using the Tex markup language. This will involve using @@ or $$ before and after the expression to display the desired results.

Ordinary whitespace to be used after a dot not denoting the end of a sentence

After commands without parameters use \~ (tilde) instead in order to avoid browser specific problems

\,

\, inserts the smallest predefined space in a formula

Equivalent: \hspace{2}

Ex.: $$a\,b$$ gives

Ex.: $$a~\hspace{2}~b$$ gives also

\;

\; (backslash semicolon) inserts the third smallest predefined space in a formula

Equivalent: \hspace{6}

Ex.: $$a\;b$$ gives

Ex.: $$a~\hspace{6}~b$$ gives also

\:

\: inserts the second smallest predefined space in a formula

Equivalent: \hspace{4}

Ex.: $$a\:b$$ gives

Ex.: $$a~\hspace{4}~b$$ gives also

\/ (backslash slash)

\/ (backslash slash) avoids ligatures

Ex.: $$V\/A$$ gives in contrast to $$VA$$ which gives

\~

In order to prevent some browser specific problems with whitespaces, it is advisable to use ~ (tilde) as the whitespace instead of the normal blank key (in places where whitespaces are mandatory, e.g. after commands).

Ex.: $$\frac~xy$$ to produce

Ex.: $$\sqrt~n$$ to produce

\hspace{n}

inserts a space of n pixels

Ex.: $$f(x)\hspace{6}=\hspace{6}0$$ gives

can be combined with the preceding command \unitlength{m}(default: m=1px) , which defines the applied unit

Ex.: $$\unitlength{20}a\hspace{2}b$$ gives , i.e. a space of 20x2=40px

\LARGE (all capital letters)

Everthing following the \LARGE command will be output in the largest predefined font size until the system encounters another font size command.

Note: This command is case sensitive, since large, Large and LARGE are different sizes!

Ex.: $$\LARGE~3x$$ gives

\Large (L capital letter)

Everthing following the \Large command will be output in the second largest font size until the system encounters another font size command.

Note: This command is case sensitive, since large, Large and LARGE are different sizes!

Ex.: $$\Large~3x$$ gives

\large (all lower case letters)

Everthing following the \large command will be output in the large font size until the system encounters another font size command.

Note: This command is case sensitive, since large, Large and LARGE are different sizes!