Math Notation Help


This glossary will help you build complex mathematical equations using the Tex markup language. This will involve using @@ or $$ before and after the expression to display the desired results.
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02 ARITHMETIC EXPRESSIONS, SUB-/SUPERSCRIPTS, ROOTS

superscript

  • The command character "^" triggers superscription of the following expression(s).
  • For more than one superscripted character put them in braces {...}.
  • Use font sizing commands for appropriate sizing.
  • Ex.: $$x^2$$ gives

x^2

  • Ex.: $$a^{m+2n}$$ gives

a^{m+2n}

  • Ex. (with specific sizing): $$x^{\small2}=a^{\small{m+2n}}$$ gives

x^{\small2}=a^{\small{m+2n}}

  • Combine superscripting with subscripting (command character "_").
    Syntax: Expr_{subExpr}^{supExpr}.
  • Ex.: $$A_{\small{i,j,k}}^{\small{-n+2}}$$ gives

A_{\small{i,j,k}}^{\small{-n+2}}


variables

  • Variables in formulas are rendered in italic roman font face, which is a widely used convention.
  • Following this convention, constants are shown as non-italic.
  • Exp.: $$f(x)=3a+x$$ gives

f(x)=3a+x


03 FONT STYLES

\LARGE (all capital letters)

  • Everthing following the \LARGE command will be output in the largest predefined font size until the system encounters another font size command.
  • Note: This command is case sensitive, since large, Large and LARGE are different sizes! 
  • Ex.: $$\LARGE~3x$$ gives \LARGE~3x

\Large (L capital letter)

  • Everthing following the \Large command will be output in the second largest font size until the system encounters another font size command.
  • Note: This command is case sensitive, since large, Large and LARGE are different sizes! 
  • Ex.: $$\Large~3x$$ gives \Large~3x

\large (all lower case letters)

  • Everthing following the \large command will be output in the large font size until the system encounters another font size command.
  • Note: This command is case sensitive, since large, Large and LARGE are different sizes! 
  • Ex.: $$\large~3x$$ gives \large~3x

\normalsize

  • Everthing following the \normalsize command will be output in the smallest predefined font size until the system encounters another font size command.
  • \normalsize is the default font size, i.e. the size automatically chosen if there is no font size command
  • Ex.: $$\normalsize~3x$$ gives \normalsize~3x

\small

  • \small
  • Ex.: $$\small~3x$$ gives \small~3x

\tiny

  • Everthing following the \tiny command will be output in the smallest predefined font size until the system encounters another font size command.
  • Ex.: $$\tiny~3x$$ gives \tiny~3x

absolute font sizes (overview)

Absolute Font Sizes
CommandExampleResult
\tiny$$\tiny 3x$$\tiny 3x
\small$$\small 3x$$\small 3x
\normalsize (default)$$\normalsize 3x$$ or just $$3x$$\normalsize 3x
\large$$\large 3x$$\large 3x
\Large$$\Large 3x$$\Large 3x
\LARGE$$\LARGE 3x$$\LARGE 3x
   

\huge and \Huge are not supported by the mimeTeX filter

  


04 DELIMITERS (PARENTHESES, BRACES,...)

angle bracket

  • Syntax: \left<...\right>
  • Ex.: $$\left<f,g\right>$$ gives

\left<f,g\right>



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